Germany leads Europe in its medical and sanitary facilities. Before you travel we recommend putting the telephone numbers for various medical services into your phone, should you need them in an emergency. Dial 110 for police, or 112 for a fire or medical emergency.
Pharmacies in Germany are called Apotheke and are easily recognisable by a big red 'A' symbol. It's usually the case that in any given area a pharmacy will be open throughout the night, with pharmacies taking turns depending on the day. Every pharmacy will list which is on-duty in their front window. Some medication that is freely available in other countries, such as the morning after pill, needs a prescription in Germany.
Pharmaceuticals are expensive in Germany, so if you need medication ask the pharmacist for 'Generika.' These are essentially the same product as the big brands, often made by the same company, but are cheaper due to lacking a well-known name.
Tap water in Germany, as you'd expect, is completely safe to drink, so keeping hold of your empty bottles and filling up at taps where possible is a good way to save money. Any water not suitable for drinking will be labelled 'Kein Trinkwasser.'