- First of all, confirm that all your standard immunisations are up to date. I mean ones that you normally get in the UK.
- Secondly, you should get the following injections (or boosters) before your trip: diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis A and typhoid. These are the basic ones that are advised for most travel in Asia. Many of these are communicable by food and water, so you can see why that would be important.
There are other immunisations you could consider, but most people seem to do fine without them. They include:
- Japanese encephalitis
- Hepatitis B
You should discuss whether you need these or not with your GP or practice nurse, but the vast majority of people don’t. If you are to volunteer with animals though, for example, you may want to get the rabies jab (even though it’s prohibitively expensive!).
The majority of Thaland is malaria-free, so unless you are visiting neigbouring countries such as Laos or Cambodia, you generally don’t have to worry about malaria prevention. Again though you can discuss this at your GP surgery, as you may be visiting a specific border area that happens to have malaria.
Also be aware there are other mosquito-borne diseases around Thailand such as dengue fever and chikungunya, so just generally try to avoid being bitten by mozzies. Try as much as possible to wear longer sleeves and trousers (though this can be difficult in the heat), and also get yourself an effective insect repellent with a high DEET content.
You may also want to carry a mosquito net with you for extra protection.